Title : Traditional Medicine and Complementary Health Practices: overview and experiences in Brazil
The World Health Organization has supported strategies aimed at adoption traditional and complementary medicine globally. However, it is a huge challenge to implement efficient public policies in countries with poorly managed government resources and large population and territorial socio-economic disparities.
Integrative and complementary practices (PICs) to health have been incorporated gradually and controversially in Brazil. In 1996, few PICs were adhered into the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). The national policy on PICs was approved only in 2006 and mentioned acupuncture, homeopathy, herbalism and thermalism, having added anthroposophical medicine and body practices in the same year. In 2018, the received PICs already included more than a dozen of diversified therapeutic care.
The health information system for primary care in Brazil found results on the use of PICs in the mid-2020s, mapping the assessment of cities and citizens served, as well as the needs of local providers in different regions. The training of professionals trained to expand the offer of PICs was also considered in this opportunity.
It is noticed that the appropriation of evidence in PICs by the professionals involved has been shown to be partial, selective and adapted. In addition, after more than ten years of existence, the coordination of the national policy of Brazilian PICs remains attributed to a small (and courageous) team devoid of financial support and dependent on other public managers.
On the other hand, it appears that there are many outstanding works in the PICs of this country of continental dimensions, both in the public and in the private sphere. Collaborators in universities, companies, hospitals, institutes, centers and research groups, in a formal and / or empirical way, bring out the entrepreneurship that guides the Brazilian spirit.
We believe that these experiences deserve publicity and may perhaps inspire a virtuous cycle of good practices around the world. The generation of a chained and connected network, with a holistic focus on people, balanced and effective therapeutic approaches to health, may be able to provide greater relief to the current pains and ailments of the body, mind and spirit.