Title : Ethnomedicines of Arunachal Pradesh State of Indian Union
The paper throws light on various medicinal uses of 106 species of plants, by the Aadi, Apatani, Nyishi ethnic communities of Arunachal Pradesh. The data have been collected using personal interview schedule through established contact with key communicators of Apatani, Nyishi and Aadi people. There are a range of indigenous plant species (106) used in ethno-medicine. In majority of the cases, knowledge on plant resources use is observed to be community knowledge (public domain). Resource base of bio-culturally rich plant biodiversity is the backbone for livelihoods of the trib al people. The knowledge on plant resources use was observed to be location specific. Activities relating plant collection and their processing for uses are primarily performed by women folk. Integration of outstanding traditional knowledge of this tribe with farming systems may further sustain their livelihoods. Characterization of plant based knowledge and refinement and value addition to bio-products may further advance livelihoods regime of these people. This approach would also ensure their IPR protection on plant based knowledge and products, and equitable benefit sharing over plant based knowledge systems.